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How Sugar Ruins Your Health

In addition to throwing off your body’s homeostasis and wreaking havoc on your metabolic processes, excess sugar has a number of other significant consequences.

Nancy Appleton, PhD, author of the book “Lick the Sugar Habit” contributed an extensive list of the many ways sugar can ruin your health from a vast number of medical journals and other scientific publications.

  1. Sugar can suppress your immune system and impair your defenses against infectious disease.[6] [7]
  2. Sugar upsets the mineral relationships in your body: causes chromium and copper deficiencies and interferes with absorption of calcium and magnesium.[8] [9] [10] [11]
  3. Sugar can cause a rapid rise of adrenaline, hyperactivity, anxiety, difficulty concentrating, and crankiness in children.[12] [13]
  4. Sugar can produce a significant rise in total cholesterol, triglycerides and bad cholesterol and a decrease in good cholesterol.[14] [15] [16] [17]
  5. Sugar causes a loss of tissue elasticity and function.[18]
  6. Sugar feeds cancer cells and has been connected with the development of cancer of the breast, ovaries, prostate, rectum, pancreas, biliary tract, lung, gallbladder and stomach.[19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25]
  7. Sugar can increase fasting levels of glucose and can cause reactive hypoglycemia.[26] 27]
  8. Sugar can weaken eyesight.[28]
  9. Sugar can cause many problems with the gastrointestinal tract including: an acidic digestive tract, indigestion, mal-absorption in patients with functional bowel disease, increased risk of Crohn’s disease, and ulcerative colitis.[29] [30] [31] [32] [33]
  10. Sugar can cause premature aging.[34] In fact, the single most important factor that accelerates aging is insulin, which is triggered by sugar.
  11. Sugar can lead to alcoholism.[35]
  12. Sugar can cause your saliva to become acidic, tooth decay, and periodontal disease.[36] [37] [38]
  13. Sugar contributes to obesity. [39]
  14. Sugar can cause autoimmune diseases such as: arthritis, asthma, and multiple sclerosis.[40] [41] [42]
  15. Sugar greatly assists the uncontrolled growth of Candida Albicans (yeast infections) [43]
  16. Sugar can cause gallstones.[44]
  17. Sugar can cause appendicitis.[45]
  18. Sugar can cause hemorrhoid[46]
  19. Sugar can cause varicose veins.[47]
  20. Sugar can elevate glucose and insulin responses in oral contraceptive users.[48]
  21. Sugar can contribute to osteoporosis.[49]
  22. Sugar can cause a decrease in your insulin sensitivity thereby causing an abnormally high insulin levels and eventually diabetes.[50] 51] [52]
  23. Sugar can lower your Vitamin E levels.[53]
  24. Sugar can increase your systolic blood pressure.[54]
  25. Sugar can cause drowsiness and decreased activity in children.[55]
  26. High sugar intake increases advanced glycation end products (AGEs), which are sugar molecules that attach to and damage proteins in your body. AGEs speed up the aging of cells, which may contribute to a variety of chronic and fatal diseases. [56]
  27. Sugar can interfere with your absorption of protein.[57]
  28. Sugar causes food allergies.[58]
  29. Sugar can cause toxemia during pregnancy.[59]
  30. Sugar can contribute to eczema in children.[60]
  31. Sugar can cause atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease.[61] [62]
  32. Sugar can impair the structure of your DNA.[63]
  33. Sugar can change the structure of protein and cause a permanent alteration of the way the proteins act in your body.[64] [65]
  34. Sugar can make your skin age by changing the structure of collagen. [66]
  35. Sugar can cause cataracts and nearsightedness.[67] [68]
  36. Sugar can cause emphysema.[69]
  37. High sugar intake can impair the physiological homeostasis of many systems in your body.[70]
  38. Sugar lowers the ability of enzymes to function.[71]
  39. Sugar intake is higher in people with Parkinson’s disease.[72]
  40. Sugar can increase the size of your liver by making your liver cells divide, and it can increase the amount of fat in your liver, leading to fatty liver disease.[73] [74]
  41. Sugar can increase kidney size and produce pathological changes in the kidney such as the formation of kidney stones.[75] [76] Fructose is helping to drive up rates of kidney disease.
  42. Sugar can damage your pancreas.[77]
  43. Sugar can increase your body’s fluid retention.[78]
  44. Sugar is number one enemy of your bowel movement.[79]
  45. Sugar can compromise the lining of your capillaries.[80]
  46. Sugar can make your tendons more brittle.[81]
  47. Sugar can cause headaches, including migraines.[82]
  48. Sugar can reduce the learning capacity, adversely affect your children’s grades and cause learning disorders.[83] [84]
  49. Sugar can cause an increase in delta, alpha, and theta brain waves, which can alter your ability to think clearly.[85]
  50. Sugar can cause depression.[86]
  51. Sugar can increase your risk of gout.[87]
  52. Sugar can increase your risk of Alzheimer’s disease.[88] MRI studies show that adults 60 and older who have high uric acid are four to five times more likely to have vascular dementia, the second most common form of dementia after Alzheimer’s disease.
  53. Sugar can cause hormonal imbalances such as: increasing estrogen in men, exacerbating PMS, and decreasing growth hormone.[89] [90] [91] [92]
  54. Sugar can lead to dizziness.[93]
  55. Diets high in sugar will increase free radicals and oxidative stress.[94]
  56. A high sucrose diet of subjects with peripheral vascular disease significantly increases platelet adhesion.[95]
  57. High sugar consumption by pregnant adolescents can lead to a substantial decrease in gestation duration and is associated with a twofold-increased risk for delivering a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infant.[96] [97]
  58. Sugar is an addictive substance.[98]
  59. Sugar can be intoxicating, similar to alcohol.[99]
  60. Sugar given to premature babies can affect the amount of carbon dioxide they produce.[100]
  61. Decrease in sugar intake can increase emotional stability.[101]
  62. Your body changes sugar into 2 to 5 times more fat in the bloodstream than it does starch.[102]
  63. The rapid absorption of sugar promotes excessive food intake in obese subjects.[103]
  64. Sugar can worsen the symptoms of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).[104]
  65. Sugar adversely affects urinary electrolyte composition.[105]
  66. Sugar can impair the function of your adrenal glands.[106]
  67. Sugar has the potential of inducing abnormal metabolic processes in normal, healthy individuals, thereby promoting chronic degenerative diseases.[107]
  68. Intravenous feedings (IVs) of sugar water can cut off oxygen to your brain.[108]
  69. Sugar increases your risk of polio.[109]
  70. High sugar intake can cause epileptic seizures.[110]
  71. Sugar causes high blood pressure in obese people.[111]
  72. In intensive care units, limiting sugar saves lives.[112]
  73. Sugar may induce cell death.[113]
  74. In juvenile rehabilitation centers, when children were put on low sugar diets, there was a 44 percent drop in antisocial behavior.[114]
  75. Sugar dehydrates newborns.[115]
  76. Sugar can cause gum disease.[116]

It should be exceptionally clear how damaging sugar is. You simply cannot achieve your highest degree of health and vitality if you are consuming a significant amount of it.

Fortunately, your body has an amazing ability to heal itself when given the basic nutrition it needs, and your liver has an incredible ability to regenerate. If you start making changes today, your health WILL begin to improve, returning you to the state of vitality that nature intended.

[1] Johnson RJ and Gower T. (2009) “The Sugar Fix: The High-Fructose

   Fallout That is Making You Sick and Fat” Pocket, 416 pp

[2]What sweetener should you choose? Sugar? Honey? Agave nectar?

www.fitnessspotlight.com

[3] Stanhope KL, Schwarz JM, Keim NL, Griffen SC, Bremer AA, Graham JL,

Hatcher B, Cox CL, Dyachenko A, Zhang W, McGahan JP, Seibert A, Krauss RM, Chiu S,

Schaefer EJ, Ai M, Otokozawa S, Nakajima K, Nakano T, Beysen C, Hellerstein MK, Berglund

L and Havel PJ, “Consuming fructose-sweetened, not glucose-sweetened beverages

increases visceral adiposity and lipids and decreases insulin sensitivity

in overweight/obese humans.” J Clin Invest. 2009; 119(5):1322-1334

[4] Park A. All sugars aren’t the same: Glucose is better

      Time Magazine, April 21, 2009 

[5] Appleton N. “Lick the Sugar Habit” (1996) Avery, 2nd Ed. 272 pp.

[6] Sanchez, A., et al. “Role of Sugars in Human Neutrophilic Phagocytosis

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Nov 1973; 261:1180-1184. Bernstein, J., al.

“Depression of Lymphocyte Transformation Following Oral Glucose Ingestion”.

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1997; 30:613

[7] Ringsdorf, W., Cheraskin, E. and Ramsay R. “Sucrose, Neutrophilic Phagocytosis and

Resistance to Disease”, Dental Survey. 1976; 52(12):46-48

[8] Couzy, F., et al. “Nutritional Implications of the Interaction Minerals,”

Progressive Food and Nutrition Science 17; 1933:65-87

[9] Kozlovsky, A., et al. “Effects of Diets High in Simple Sugars on Urinary

      Chromium Losses”. Metabolism. June 1986; 35:515_518

[10] Fields, M.., et al. “Effect of Copper Deficiency on Metabolism and Mortality in Rats Fed

Sucrose or Starch Diets”, Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1983;113:1335-1345

[11] Lemann, J. “Evidence that Glucose Ingestion Inhibits Net Renal Tubular Reabsorption of

Calcium and Magnesium”, Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1976; 70:236-245

[12] Goldman, J., et al. “Behavioral Effects of Sucrose on Preschool Children” Journal of

Abnormal Child Psychology, 1986; 14(4):565-577

[13] Jones, T. W., et al. “Enhanced Adrenomedullary Response and Increased Susceptibility to

Neuroglygopenia: Mechanisms Underlying the Adverse Effect of Sugar Ingestion in

Children”. Journal of Pediatrics. Feb 1995; 126:171-7

[14] Scanto, S. and Yudkin, J. “The Effect of Dietary Sucrose on Blood Lipids, Serum Insulin,

Platelet Adhesiveness and Body Weight in Human Volunteers”, Postgraduate Medicine

Journal. 1969; 45:602-607

[15] Albrink, M. and Ullrich I. H. “Interaction of Dietary Sucrose and Fiber on Serum Lipids in

Healthy Young Men Fed High Carbohydrate Diets”, American Journal of Clinical

Nutrition. 1986; 43:419

[16] Reiser, S. “Effects of Dietary Sugars on Metabolic Risk Factors Associated with Heart

Disease”, Nutritional Health. 1985; 203-216

[17] Lewis, G. F. and Steiner, G. “Acute Effects of Insulin in the Control of Vldl Production in

Humans. Implications for The insulin-resistant State”. Diabetes Care. 1996, ;19(4):390-3

  1. Pamplona, M. .J., et al. “Mechanisms of Glycation in Atherogenesis”, Medical

Hypotheses. 1990; 40:174-181

[18] Cerami, A., Vlassara, H., and Brownlee, M. “Glucose and Aging.” Scientific American. May

1987:90. Lee, A. T. and Cerami, A. “The Role of Glycation in Aging”. Annals of the New

York Academy of Science; 663:63-67

[19] Takahashi, E., Tohoku University School of Medicine, Holistic Health Digest. October

1982:41:00

[20] Quillin, Patrick, “Cancer’s Sweet Tooth”, Nutrition Science News. 2000 Rothkopf, M.

“Nutrition”. July/Aug 1990; 6(4)

[21] Michaud, D.”Dietary Sugar, Glycemic Load, and Pancreatic Cancer Risk in a Prospective

Study”. J Natl Cancer Inst. Sep 4, 2002; 94(17):1293-300

[22] Moerman, C. J., et al. “Dietary Sugar Intake in the Etiology of Biliary Tract Cancer.

International Journal of Epidemiology. 1993.2(2):207-214.

[23] The Edell Health Letter. Sept 1991; 7:1

[24] De Stefani, E. “Dietary Sugar and Lung Cancer: a Case control Study in Uruguay ”,

Nutrition and Cancer. 1998; 31(2):132-7

[25] Cornee, J., et al. A “Case-control Study of Gastric Cancer and Nutritional Factors in

Marseille , France ”. European Journal of Epidemiology 11 (1995):55-65

[26] Kelsay, J., et al. “Diets High in Glucose or Sucrose and Young Women”, American Journal

of Clinical Nutrition. 1974; 27:926-936. Thomas, B. J., et al. “Relation of Habitual Diet to

Fasting Plasma Insulin Concentration and the Insulin Response to Oral Glucose”, Human

Nutrition Clinical Nutrition. 1983; 36 C (1):49-51

[27] Dufty, William. “Sugar Blues”. (New York, Warner Books, 1975)

[28] Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica. Mar 2002; 48; 25. Taub, H. Ed. Sugar Weakens

Eyesight, VM Newsletter; May 1986:06:00

[29] Dufty.

[30] Yudkin, J. “Sweet and Dangerous” (New York: Bantam Books, 1974)

[31] Cornee, J., et al. “A Case-control Study of Gastric Cancer and Nutritional Factors in

Marseille”, France , European Journal of Epidemiology. 1995; 11

[32] Persson P. G., Ahlbom, A., and Hellers, G. Epidemiology. 1992; 3:47-52

[33] Jones, T. W., et al. “Enhanced Adrenomedullary Response and Increased Susceptibility to

Neuroglygopenia: Mechanisms Underlying the Adverse Effect of Sugar Ingestion in

Children”. Journal of Pediatrics. Feb 1995; 126:171-7

[34] Lee, A. T. and Cerami A. “The Role of Glycation in Aging”. Annals of the New York

Academy of Science.1992;663:63-70

[35] Abrahamson, E. and Peget, A. “Body, Mind and Sugar”. ( New York : Avon , 1977)

[36] Glinsmann, W., Irausquin, H., and Youngmee, K. “Evaluation of Health Aspects of Sugar

Contained in Carbohydrate Sweeteners”. F. D. A. Report of Sugars Task Force.

1986:39:00 Makinen K.K.,et al. “A Descriptive Report of the Effects of a 16 month Xylitol

Chewing Gum Program Subsequent to a 40 month Sucrose Gum Program”. Caries

Research. 1998; 32(2)107-12

[37] Glinsmann, W., Irausquin, H., and K. Youngmee. “Evaluation of Health Aspects of Sugar

Contained in Carbohydrate Sweeteners”. F. D. A. Report of Sugars Task Force. 1986;

39:36-38

[38] Appleton , N. New York : “Healthy Bones”. Avery Penguin Putnam: 1989

[39] Keen, H., et al. “Nutrient Intake, Adiposity, and Diabetes”. British Medical Journal. 1989;

1:00 655_658

[40] Darlington , L., Ramsey, N. W. and Mansfield , J. R. “Placebo Controlled, Blind Study of

Dietary Manipulation Therapy in Rheumatoid Arthritis”, Lancet. Feb 1986; 8475(1):236-238

[41] Powers, L. ”Sensitivity: You React to What You Eat”. Los Angeles Times. (Feb. 12, 1985).

Cheng, J., et al. “Preliminary Clinical Study on the Correlation Between Allergic Rhinitis

and Food Factors”. Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi Aug 2002; 16(8):393-396

[42] Erlander, S. “The Cause and Cure of Multiple Sclerosis; The Disease to End Disease.”

Mar 3, 1979; 1(3):59-63

[43] Crook, W. J. “The Yeast Connection”. (TN: Professional Books, 1984)

[44] Heaton, K. “The Sweet Road to Gallstones”. British Medical Journal. Apr 14, 1984;

288:00:00 1103_1104. Misciagna, G., et al. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1999;

69:120-126

[45] Cleave, T. “The Saccharine Disease”. ( New Canaan , CT : Keats Publishing, 1974)

[46] Ibid

[47] Cleave, T. and Campbell, G. “ Bristol , England : Diabetes, Coronary Thrombosis and the

Saccharine Disease”: John Wright and Sons, 1960)

[48] Behall, K.”Influence of Estrogen Content of Oral Contraceptives and Consumption of

Sucrose on Blood Parameters”. Disease Abstracts International. 1982; 431437

[49] Tjäderhane, L. and Larmas, M. “A High Sucrose Diet Decreases the Mechanical Strength of

Bones in Growing Rats”. Journal of Nutrition. 1998:128:1807-1810

[50] Beck, Nielsen H., Pedersen O., and Schwartz S. “Effects of Diet on the Cellular Insulin

Binding and the Insulin Sensitivity in Young Healthy Subjects”. Diabetes. 1978;

15:289-296

[51] “Sucrose Induces Diabetes in Cat”. Federal Protocol. 1974; 6(97)

[52] Reiser, S., et al. “Effects of Sugars on Indices on Glucose Tolerance in Humans”.

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1986; 43:151-159

[53] Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. Aug 2000

[54] Hodges, R., and Rebello, T. “Carbohydrates and Blood Pressure”. Annals of Internal

Medicine. 1983:98:838-841

[55] Behar, D., et al. “Sugar Challenge Testing with Children Considered Behaviorally Sugar

Reactive”. Nutritional Behavior. 1984; 1:277-288

[56] Furth , A. and Harding, J. “Why Sugar Is Bad For You”. New Scientist. Sep 23, 1989; 44

[57] Simmons, J. “Is The Sand of Time Sugar?” Longevity. June 1990:00:00 49-53

[58] Appleton , N. New York : “Lick The Sugar Habit”. Avery Penguin Putnam: 1988.

[59] Cleave, T. “The Saccharine Disease”, New Canaan Ct : Keats Publishing, Inc., 1974).131

[60] Ibid. 132

[61] Pamplona , R., et al. “Mechanisms of Glycation in Atherogenesis”. Medical Hypotheses.

1990:00:00 174-181

[62] Vaccaro O., Ruth, K. J. and Stamler J. “Relationship of Post-load Plasma Glucose to

Mortality with 19 yr Follow up”. Diabetes Care. Oct 15, 1992; 10:328_334. Tominaga, M.,

et al, “Impaired Glucose Tolerance Is a Risk Factor for Cardiovascular Disease, but Not

Fasting Glucose”. Diabetes Care. 1999:2(6):920-924

[63] Lee, A. T. and Cerami, A. “Modifications of Proteins and Nucleic Acids

by Reducing Sugars: Possible Role in Aging. Handbook of the Biology of

        Aging”. New York : Academic Press, 1990

[64] Monnier, V. M. “Non-enzymatic Glycosylation, the Maillard Reaction and the Aging

Process”. Journal of Gerontology 1990:45(4):105-110

[65] Cerami, A., Vlassara, H., and Brownlee, M. “Glucose and Aging”. Scientific American. May

1987:00:00 90

[66] Dyer, D. G., et al. “Accumulation of Maillard Reaction Products in Skin Collagen in

Diabetes and Aging”. Journal of Clinical Investigation. 1993:93(6):421_22

[67] Veromann, S.et al. “Dietary Sugar and Salt Represent Real Risk Factors for Cataract

Development.” Ophthalmologica. 2003 Jul-Aug 217(4):302-307

[68] Goulart, F. S. “Are You Sugar Smart?” American Fitness. March/April 1991:00:00 34-38.

Milwaukee , WI

[69] Monnier, V. M. “Non-enzymatic Glycosylation, the Maillard Reaction and the Aging

Process”. Journal of Gerontology. 1990:45(4):105-110

[70] Ceriello, A. “Oxidative Stress and Glycemic Regulation. Metabolism”. Feb 2000; 49(2

Suppl 1):27­29

[71] Appleton, Nancy . New York ; “Lick the Sugar Habit”. Avery Penguin Putnam, 1988

[72] Hellenbrand, W. “Diet and Parkinson’s Disease. A Possible Role for the Past Intake of

Specific Nutrients. Results from a Self-administered Food Frequency Questionnaire in a

Case-control Study. Neurology. Sep 1996; 7(3):644-650

[73] Goulart, F. S. “Are You Sugar Smart?” American Fitness. March/April 1991:00:00 34-38

[74] Ibid.

[75] Yudkin, J., Kang, S. and Bruckdorfer, K. “Effects of High Dietary Sugar”. British Journal of

Medicine. Nov 22, 1980; 1396

[76] Blacklock, N. J., “Sucrose and Idiopathic Renal Stone”. Nutrition and Health. 1987;

5(1-2):9­Curhan, G., et al. “Beverage Use and Risk for Kidney Stones in Women”. Annals

of Internal Medicine. 1998:28:534-340

[77] Goulart, F. S. “Are You Sugar Smart?” American Fitness. March/April 1991:00:00 34_38.

Milwaukee , WI

[78] Ibid. fluid retention

[79] Ibid. bowel movement

[80] Ibid. compromise the lining of the capillaries

[81] Nash, J. “Health Contenders”. Essence. Jan 1992; 23:00 79-81

[82] Grand, E. “Food Allergies and Migraine”. Lancet. 1979:1:955-959

[83] Schauss, A. Diet, Crime and Delinquency. Berkley Ca; Parker House, 1981

[84] Molteni, R, et al. “A High-fat, Refined Sugar Diet Reduces Hippocampal Brain-derived

Neurotrophic Factor, Neuronal Plasticity, and Learning” NeuroScience. 2002;

112(4):803-814

[85] Christensen, L. “The Role of Caffeine and Sugar in Depression”. Nutrition Report. Mar

1991; 9(3):17-24

[86] Ibid,44

[87] Yudkin, J. “Sweet and Dangerous”, New York : Bantam Books, 1974 129

[88] Frey, J. “Is There Sugar in the Alzheimer’s Disease?” Annales De Biologie Clinique. 2001;

59 (3):253-257

[89] Yudkin, J. “Metabolic Changes Induced by Sugar in Relation to Coronary Heart Disease

and Diabetes”. Nutrition and Health. 1987; 5(1-2):5-8

[90] Yudkin, J and Eisa, O. “Dietary Sucrose and Oestradiol Concentration in Young Men”.

Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism. 1988:32(2):53-55

[91] The Edell Health Letter. Sept 1991; 7:1

[92] Gardner, L. and Reiser, S. “Effects of Dietary Carbohydrate on Fasting Levels of Human

Growth Hormone and Cortisol”. Proceedings of the Society Experimental Biology and

Medicine. 1982; 169:36-40

[93] Journal of Advanced Medicine. 1994; 7(1):51-58

[94] Ceriello, A. “Oxidative Stress and Glycemic Regulation”. Metabolism. Feb 2000;49(2

Suppl 1):27­29

[95] Postgraduate Medicine. Sept 1969:45:602-07

[96] Lenders, C. M. “Gestational Age and Infant Size at Birth Are Associated with Dietary

Intake among Pregnant Adolescents”. Journal of Nutrition. Jun 1997; 1113-1117

[97] Ibid.

[98] “Sugar, White Flour Withdrawal Produces Chemical Response. The Addiction Letter”. Jul

1992:04:00 Colantuoni, C., et al. “Evidence That Intermittent, Excessive Sugar Intake

Causes Endogenous Opioid Dependence”. Obes Res. Jun 2002; 10(6):478-488. Annual

Meeting of the American Psychological Society, Toronto , June 17, 2001

[99] Ibid.

[100] Sunehag, A. L., et al. “Gluconeogenesis in Very Low Birth Weight Infants Receiving Total

Parenteral Nutrition”, Diabetes. 1999; 48 7991-800

[101] Christensen L., et al. “Impact of A Dietary Change on Emotional Distress”. Journal of

Abnormal Psychology .1985; 94(4):565-79

[102] Nutrition Health Review. Fall 85

[103] Ludwig, D. S., et al. “High Glycemic Index Foods, Overeating and Obesity”. Pediatrics.

March 1999; 103(3):26-32

[104] Pediatrics Research. 1995; 38(4):539-542. Berdonces, J. L. “Attention Deficit and

Infantile Hyperactivity”. Rev Enferm. Jan 2001; 4(1)11-4

[105] Blacklock, N. J. “Sucrose and Idiopathic Renal Stone”. Nutrition Health. 1987; 5(1 &

2):9

[106] Lechin, F., et al. “Effects of an Oral Glucose Load on Plasma Neurotransmitters in

Humans”. Neurophychobiology. 1992; 26(1-2):4-11

[107] Fields, M. Journal of the American College of Nutrition. Aug 1998; 17(4):317-321

[108] Arieff, A. I. Veterans Administration Medical Center in San Francisco . San Jose Mercury;

June 12/86.

[109] Sandler, Benjamin P. “Diet Prevents Polio”. Milwaukee , WI ,: The Lee Foundation for

Nutritional Research, 1951

[110] Murphy, Patricia. “The Role of Sugar in Epileptic Seizures”. Townsend Letter for Doctors

and Patients. May, 2001 Murphy Is Editor of Epilepsy Wellness Newsletter, 1462 West 5th

Ave. , Eugene , Oregon 97402

[111] Stern, N. & Tuck, M. “Pathogenesis of Hypertension in Diabetes Mellitus, a Fundamental

and Clinical Test. 2nd Edition, ( Philadelphia A. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins,

2000)943-957

[112] Christansen, D. “Critical Care: Sugar Limit Saves Lives”. Science News. June 30, 2001;

159:404

[113] Donnini, D. et al. “Glucose May Induce Cell Death through a Free Radical-mediated

Mechanism” Biochem Biohhys Res Commun. Feb 15, 1996:219(2):412-417

[114] Schoenthaler, S. “The Los Angeles Probation Department Diet-Behavior Program: Am

Empirical Analysis of Six Institutional Settings”. Int J Biosocial Res 5(2):88-89

[115] “Gluconeogenesis in Very Low Birth Weight Infants Receiving Total Parenteral

Nutrition”. Diabetes. 1999 Apr; 48(4):791-800

[116] Glinsmann, W., et al. “Evaluation of Health Aspects of Sugar Contained in Carbohydrate

Sweeteners.” FDA Report of Sugars Task Force -1986 39 123; Yudkin, J. and Eisa, O.

“Dietary Sucrose and Oestradiol Concentration in Young Men”. Annals of Nutrition and

Metabolism. 1988; 32(2):53

** This information was graciously obtained from Dr. Joe Mercola’s website www.mercola.com

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

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